oral and dental health for the family
Practical help

Oral and dental health maintenance

Oral and dental health is more critical to our wellbeing than we might have thought, blew my mind. Read on to find out why…

All of us, especially those vulnerable to bacterial infections like pneumonia, must brush our teeth first thing in the morning, before breakfast.  Spitting, not rinsing.  Not what you were taught when you were little?  Me neither.

Apparently, we’re only just starting to learn how connected oral and dental health and the nearby gut microbiome is to our overall health. Gum disease is linked to stroke, pneumonia, heart disease, diabetes management and even Alzheimers’. Toothache pain alone can prevent older people from sleeping, talking, getting enough nourishment and hydration.

Brushing our teeth last thing at night is one of the most important things we can do to maintain our health. Overnight our bacteria-defending saliva dries up and ‘bad bacteria’ has the opportunity to multiply. Swallowing the bacteria that has bloomed overnight with our breakfast is bad news.  The bacteria is taken into the gut, absorbed into the bloodstream and transported around our body. Ew.

So if like me, you were raised to brush your teeth after breakfast, we need to rethink.  Brushing before breakfast removes bad bacteria, so any sugar we eat at breakfast doesn’t feed it and form teeth decaying acid. If we spit rather than rinse after brushing, the fluoride in toothpaste protects our teeth against any acids like orange juice too.  A pea-sized amount of toothpaste is fine. We should use a small-headed toothbrush as directed by our dentist/hygienist, paying particular attention to the gum line. We should also clean our tongues with our toothbrushes, thoroughly and gently. If we want, (zero alcohol) mouthwash will freshen us up again after breakfast. Xylitol chewing gum can help reduce bacteria between meals as it makes it difficult for bacteria to metabolise and multiply.

Dental and oral health is also improved by a healthy diet. If we’re going to eat (or drink) sugar, it’s far better at mealtimes when our saliva levels are highest.  Fizzy drinks, including carbonated water (also acidic), are best drunk with a straw so they bypass the teeth altogether.  This is a challenge if an elder needs high energy sip formulations, it’s when dental hygiene is even more important.

Dental hygiene tips for carers of elders

tooth brushes

Some drugs can affect saliva flow and cause a dry mouth, so always have water nearby.

Teeth cleaning can be tricky for elders. A double-headed toothbrush can speed things up if you don’t have much time.  For example, I help Marj, but she can tire or become impatient, so we persevere together. The toothbrush should be soft. Brush gently and thoroughly for 2 mins even if gums bleed.  Bleeding gums (a sign of gum disease) should subside once a regular gentle brushing routine is established, it’s worked for us.  If you can manage inter-dental brushes together too, well done (too much for us now).

Having the right quantity of fluoride in the toothpaste helps, especially if brushing time is limited. Aim for at least 1,500 ppm (parts per million).  Colgate’s Durophat is available on prescription at higher concentrations, of 2,800 and 5,000ppm for those less able to brush their teeth thoroughly, resistant or incapacitated. There’s no added fluoride in Bucks tap water, you might be interested to know.

A 0.05% fluoride mouthwash (without alcohol) between tooth brushing also helps if brushing is tricky.  Corsodyl can be used to reduce gum disease for 2-3 weeks at a time (it’s an antibiotic and can stain teeth if used for a longer period).  You can also spray it into the mouth if rinsing is not an option.

Lastly, keep up regular dentist checkups.  Use the NHS website to find a local dentist, NHS or otherwise. You may need to check for accessibility too, perhaps a ground floor surgery with few or no steps.

If like Marj, visits to a dentist aren’t possible anymore, then home visits can be arranged.  Not all procedures are possible on a sofa, but adequate temporary fillings can be done outside the surgery.  Bucks NHS dental home visits are covered by the Milton Keynes branch of the CNWL NHS Trust.  Details of charges are also in the second link.

They’re my dental tips, do you have any to share?

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